Belarus Alternative Energy

Sector outlook

The main priority of Belarus energy policy is to increase energy efficiency and to develop local sources of energy: 80 % of the energy consumption is currently imported. Belarus aims to reach a share of 25% for the contribution of local fuels and alternative energy sources to the generation of electricity and heat energy in 2012.

A law establishing a framework for the development of renewable energy was adopted in December 2010 and came into force in July 2011. Renewable energy power tariffs (‘green tariffs’) are available and are indexed on the exchange rate with USD. A special resolution establishing "green tariffs" for 10 years was adopted by the Ministry of Economy in June 2011.

Strategic direction/ specific schemes and incentives

  • The National Program of Local and Renewable Energy Sources Development for 2011-2015 has exact targets for the improvement of GDP energy efficiency by 2016 and support mechanisms for renewable energy projects.
  • Advantages for investors include green tariffs, exemption from customs duties on some equipment, low land rent and a simplified procedure for lease.

Business opportunities

Several EU companies have already approached the Belarusian market. Biomass offers the most promising potential. The main opportunities are:

  • Biofuels from wood and crop waste: 38% of Belarusian territory is covered with forests, 13 million m3 of wood is harvested annually and half of it is used in biomass applications;
  • Biogas from animal husbandry wastes: the agro and livestock sector develop well and already several power stations operate in Belarus;
  • Wind energy: there are 20 wind power stations in Belarus, and several wind parks are planned to be created in various parts of the country;
  • Hydro energy: 4 stations for 102 MW are going to be built on river Neman and river Dvina in a few years;
  • Energy efficiency: domestic heating and industry, including conversion of boiler houses into cogeneration plants, projects in the metallurgy sector and in other energy intensive industries, etc.;
  • Foreign investors are very active in the field of alternative energy in Belarus and several projects are being implemented with the help of international financial organisations.

Availability of forest residues in Belarus;
Source: EBRD Renewables






Some success stories

TDF Ecotech (Switzerland) builds a 2.1 MW biogas facility in Snov and has a similar project under development in Sluzk. The investment, around EUR 10 million for each project, should be earned back after 12 years.

Strabag (Austria) developed several projects in Belarus, such as a wastewater plant producing biogas in Brest, inaugurated in June 2011 and another one in Minsk (contract signed in November 2011).

Useful links and contacts

National Agency of Investment and Privatization (NAIP)

Official website of Belarus

Ministry of Natural Resources and Environment (green certificates)
State Committee on Standardisation of the Republic of Belarus
Department of Energy Efficiency at the State Committee on Standardisation

This publication has been produced with the financial assistance of the European Union. The contents of this publication are the sole responsibility of EUROCHAMBRES and can in no way be taken to reflect the views of the European Union.

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