Moldova Transport and Logistics

Sector outlook

Moldova is a strategic border between the EU and Eastern Europe and can become a transport hub for the region. Its existing road and rail network structure is generally well-suited to cope with traffic demand and the objectives of domestic and international connectivity. Lack of maintenance of the transport infrastructure and high logistics costs however hinder the development of the transport industry in Moldova.

The main transport networks are:

  • Road: four large North-South and East-West routes crossing in Chisinau. The European transport corridor IX linking Scandinavian countries with the Balkan states will pass through Moldova;
  • Rail: connection with Ukraine and the CIS. Network operator: CFM; recent developments include new railway lines between Chisinau and Southern Moldova, to the Giurgiulesti terminal;
  • Air: Air Moldova, Moldavian Airlines, Tandem Aero (Moldova), Turkish Airlines, Austrian Airlines, Tarom (Romania) and Club Air (Italy) operating in the Free International Airport of Marculesti;
  • Giurgiulesti International Free Port (GIFP), a regional logistics hub situated in the South of Moldova, on the Danube River. Access to road and railroad networks to Europe and Russia, to the Danube River and to the Black Sea.


Strategic direction/ specific schemes and incentives

The development of the transport and logistics sector is seen as a key issue by the Moldovan government (priority in the Moldova 2020 strategy) and donors (EU, WB, EBRD, EIB). It will be achieved through public investment and the increase of the private sector and foreign involvement. The Land Transport Infrastructure Strategy for 2008-2017 mainly aims at:

  • Improving mobility conditions for citizens and freight;
  • Facilitating trade operations in domestic and international markets;
  • Re-integrating Moldova in the main international transport routes crossing Europe.


Business opportunities

  • Road transport: recovery, maintenance and modernisation of existing infrastructure assets (93% of roads need repair). Road Infrastructure Recovery Plan (2008-2018): total cost above EUR 2 billion;
  • Railroad transport: privatisation to be launched, major investment in the railway network under the Rail Infrastructure Recovery Plan;
  • Transport services: development of public transport services and of freight services, security services, etc.;
  • Logistics: construction of modern warehouses, development of logistics services.

Example of investment opportunity: Construction of the bypass of 3 villages along the M3 National Road Chisinau-Giurgiulesti, presented during the TRACECA investment forum in February 2012. This project aims at ensuring continuity of the M3 National Road, designated as the shortest link between Chisinau and Giurgiulesti International Free Port. The estimated investment is around EUR 20 million and the economic internal rate of return (30 years) is 12.2%.


Some success stories

Easeur (Netherlands) and EBRD established the Danube Logistics joint-venture to establish and operate Giurgiulesti International Free Port (GIFP), a regional logistics hub situated in the south of Moldova, on the Danube River. GIFP provides access to road and railroad networks to Europe and Russia, to the Danube River and to the Black Sea. 29 residents were registered in 2012.

Indra (Spain) provides high value-added solutions and services combining electronics, communications and IT, for the several sectors, including the transport industry. It entered the Moldovan market in 2000 and it now has 70 highly qualified local professionals.


Useful links and contacts

Chamber of Commerce and Industry of the Republic of Moldova

MIEPO

European Business Association in Moldova

National Association of Road Hauliers of Moldova

TRACECA GIS Database and Maps and opportunities

 

This publication has been produced with the financial assistance of the European Union. The contents of this publication are the sole responsibility of EUROCHAMBRES and can in no way be taken to reflect the views of the European Union.

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